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Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi

800 - 847, Baghdad, Iraq
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Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi was born sometime before 800 A.D. in an area not far from Baghdad and lived at least until 847. He wrote his Al-jabr wa'l muqabala (from which our modern word "algebra" comes) while working as a scholar at the House of Wisdom in Baghdad. In addition to this treatise, al-Khwarizmi wrote works on astronomy, on the Jewish calendar, and on the Hindu numeration system. The English word "algorithm" derives from the Latin form of al-Khwarizmi's name.






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