his business in the 1940s after his factory in Berlin was destroyed
during World War II.
invention was a machine for transmitting text that electronically
broke up letters into a stream of dots reassembled at the receiving
end, in effect the first telefax.
success of his 1929 "Hell Recorder" allowed him to
found his own company.
was less prone to poor reception than telex transmissions, making
Hell's machines popular for news agencies, the post office and
police departments. In the 1920s, he also invented an image scanning
tube for televisions and a radio-beam flight-path finder that
is considered a forerunner of aircraft autopilots.
War II in Nazi Germany, Hell worked on encoding machines. After
the wartime destruction, he resumed business in 1947 and came
up with inventions that revolutionized the graphic arts.
controlled engraver unveiled in 1954 made photo publishing easier
for newspapers, and an early version of the color scanner followed
in 1963. Hell also was a pioneer of electronic digital typesetting
in the 1960s, which ushered out the traditional method using
In 1980 Hell
unveiled his "Chromacom" electronic image processing system. (4)
Hell sold his
Kiel-based company in 1981 to German industrial giant Siemens.
It was later merged with Linotype AG to become Linotype-Hell
AG, which in turn was taken over by German printing press maker
Heidelberger Druckmaschinen in 1996.
and co-worker with Professor Max Dieckmann in München.
of Cathode Ray Tube and operation of a television and transmit
/ send station for tv with Professor Dieckmann on a fair
in München, Germany
PhD, his thesis work dealth with a radio-beam
flight-path finder for
aircontrol, the fore runner of the autopilot.Presentation of a
television reception and transmission station (together with
Prof. Dr. Dieckmann) at the Trade Exposition in Munich
a business in Berlin-Neubabelsberg.
"Device for electrically
transmitting written characters" (Hell
for a Vorrichtung zur elektrischen Übertragung
||Development of new Morse code devices
The Hell Recorder is mass-produced by Siemens
The company moves to Berlin-Dahlem
demonstrates the electromechanical helical scan printing
||Use of the Hell Recorder by news media
The company is completely destroyed in the Second World War
his business in Kiel after WWII
||Development and manufacture of image transmission
devices for the post office, press, police, and weather services
patents the Klischograph, a process for half-tone photo engravure.
GL-Hell (start-stop machine) introduced. Used by the Bundeswehr
(German Army) and the Bundesbahn (German Railways).(3)
Graphing machine (Klischograph), later also for color pictures.
|| Hell invents the Helio-Klischograph (scanning
and electromechanical engraving machine for gravure cylinders)
of linotype (printing industry) - Digiset.
|| Start of typeface development at
|| In July 1965 Hell presents the Digiset - a typesetting machine that works with
digitally assembled typefaces
||Hell takes over the Siemens production plant in Kiel-Suchsdorf
||Segnatura AIGEC from the Union Italienne des Exports et Conseilleurs
| The company of Dr.-Ing. Rudolf Hell KG is converted
into Dr.-Ing. Rudolf Hell GmbH with Siemens AG owning a majority
The launch of the DC 300 marks a global breakthrough in scanner technology
||Dr. Hell withdraws from actively managing his company and becomes
chairman of the supervisory board
|Bestowal of an honorary doctorate by Munich Technical University
on February 9, 1973
||Presentation of the Gutenberg award by Mainz, the capital of
Rhineland-Palatinate, and the international Gutenberg Society
on June 25, 1977 in recognition of his outstanding achievements
for advancing Gutenberg’s art.
||Receipt of the Werner-von-Siemens Ring in recognition of his
achievements in the natural sciences and technology on January
||Presentation of the ChromaCom electronic image-processing
On the 50th anniversary of his company’s founding, Dr. Hell is made an
honorary citizen by the University of Kiel
||"Chromacom" image processing system released
||Hell receives the Grand Cross for Distinguished Service with
Star of the Federal Republic of Germany
||Sold his business to Siemens and retired and becomes honorary
chairman of the supervisory board.
||Receipt of the FDI Medal "for contributions to
the graphic arts industry"
|| A total of 133 patents are associated with
the name of Rudolf Hell.
||Rudolf Hell retires
Linotype AG acquires Hell GmbH from Siemens, giving rise to Linotype-Hell AG.
Factory I is closed. Later, Factory III becomes the headquarters and, in 1996,
the present site of Heidelberger Druckmaschinen AG in Kiel
||Acquisition of Linotype-Hell AG by Heidelberger Druckmaschinen
||Since 1997 the Kiel site has belonged to Heidelberger Druckmaschinen
AG, the world’s leading supplier to the entire print media
industry. Kiel is where prepress technology is developed and
produced and digital printing systems are assembled.
|| December 19, 2001: Dr. Rudolf Hell celebrates
his 100th birthday.