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The Apple Lisa is one of the first with a thrue GUI interface.
Named for one of its designer's daughters, the Lisa was supposed to be the Next Big Thing. It was the first personal computer to use a Graphical User Interface.
Aimed mainly at large businesses, Apple said the Lisa would increase productivity by making computers easier to work with. The Lisa had a Motorola 68000 Processor running at 5 Mhz, 1 MB of RAM two 5.25" 871k floppy drives, an internal 5 MB hard drive, and a built in 12" 720 x 360 monochrome monitor. At $9,995 it was a plunge few businesses were willing to take. When the Macintosh came out in 1984 for significantly less money, it eroded the Lisa's credibility further. Realizing this, Apple released the Lisa 2 at the same time as the Mac. The Lisa 2 cost half as much as the original, replaced the two 5.25" drives with a single 400k 3.5" drive, and offered configurations with up to 2 MB of RAM, and a 10 MB hard drive. In January 1985, the Lisa 2/10 was renamed the, and outfitted with MacWorks, and emulator that allowed the Lisa to run the Mac OS. The XL was discontinued later that year.
first "friendly" personal computer to be sold to the public
was Apple Computer Inc.'s LISA. Modeled after prototypes at Xerox's
Palo Alto Research Center (PARC), the LISA had a graphical user interface
(GUI) which included a mouse to activate commands. Priced at $10,000,
the LISA was soon replaced by the affordable Macintosh. Although a
commercial flop, Apple's LISA set the standard for how people interact
Apple introduced its Lisa. The first personal computer with a graphical user interface, its development was central in the move to such systems for personal computers. The Lisa's sloth and high price ($10,000) led to its ultimate failure.
The Lisa ran on a Motorola 68000 microprocessor and came equipped with 1 megabyte of RAM, a 12-inch black-and-white monitor, dual 5 1/4-inch floppy disk drives and a 5 megabyte Profile hard drive. The Xerox Star -- which included a system called Smalltalk that involved a mouse, windows, and pop-up menus -- inspired the Lisa's designers.
|Last Updated on 12 May, 2003||For suggestions please mail the editors|
Footnotes & References
|1||computermuseum of america|
|2||David Craig, the computer museum|