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Tim Berners-Lee

born June 8, 1955, Finland.

principal papers

weaving the web

"Weaving the Web", on the the past present and future of the Web.weaving the web

proposal hypertext
www proposal




see also

related subjects


Invented the Web - WWW. Developed URL and HTTP



Tim Berners-Lee graduated from the Queen's College at Oxford University, England, 1976. Whilst there he built his first computer with a soldering iron, TTL gates, an M6800 processor and an old television.

He spent two years with Plessey Telecommunications Ltd (Poole, Dorset, UK) a major UK Telecom equipment manufacturer, working on distributed transaction systems, message relays, and bar code technology.

In 1978 Tim left Plessey to join D.G Nash Ltd (Ferndown, Dorset, UK), where he wrote among other things typesetting software for intelligent printers, and a multitasking operating system.

A year and a half spent as an independent consultant included a six month stint (Jun-Dec 1980)as consultant software engineer at CERN, the European Particle Physics Laboratory in Geneva, Switzerland. Whilst there, he wrote for his own private use his first program for storing information including using random associations. Named "Enquire", and never published, this program formed the conceptual basis for the future development of the World Wide Web.

From 1981 until 1984, Tim worked at John Poole's Image Computer Systems Ltd, with technical design responsibility. Work here included real time control firmware, graphics and communications software, and a generic macro language. In 1984, he took up a fellowship at CERN, to work on distributed real-time systems for scientific data acquisition and system control. Among other things, he worked on FASTBUS system software and designed a heterogeneous remote procedure call system.

In 1989, he proposed a global hypertext project, to be known as the World Wide Web. Based on the earlier "Enquire" work, it was designed to allow people to work together by combining their knowledge in a web of hypertext documents. He wrote the first World Wide Web server, "httpd", and the first client, "WorldWideWeb" a what-you-see-is-what-you-get hypertext browser/editor which ran in the NeXTStep environment. This work was started in October 1990, and the program "WorldWideWeb" first made available within CERN in December, and on the Internet at large in the summer of 1991.

Through 1991 and 1993, Tim continued working on the design of the Web, coordinating feedback from users across the Internet. His initial specifications of URIs, HTTP and HTML were refined and discussed in larger circles as the Web technology spread.

In 1994, Tim founded the World Wide Web Consortium at the Laboratory for Computer Science (LCS) at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Since that time he has served as the Director of the World Wide Web Consortium which coordinates Web development worldwide, with teams at MIT, at INRIA in France, and at Keio University in Japan. The Consortium takes as its goal to lead the Web to its full potential, ensuring its stability through rapid evolution and revolutionary transformations of its usage. The Consortium may be found at http://www.w3.org/.

In 1999, he became the first holder of the 3Com Founders chair at LCS, and is now a Senior Research Scientist within the Lab. The Lab merged with the AI lab to became "CSAIL", the Computer Science and Artificail Intelligence Laboratory at MIT.



1976 A Physics graduate of The Queen's College, Oxford University, England.

Principal engineer with PlesseyTelecommunications in PooleFounding,

1980 First hypertext system called "Enquire"

1981-1984 director of ImageComputer Systems

1989 Started at CERN, Geneva Switzerland and writes his "www proposal"

1990 Inventes World Wide Web server and client software for NeXTStep.

1995 he received a "Kilby Young Innovator" award by the THE KILBY AWARDS FOUNDATION and was a corecipient of the ACM Software Systems Award.

July, 1996 he was awarded a Distinguished Fellowship of the British Computer Society

Currently he is the Director of the W3Consortium and also a Principal Research Scientist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Laboratory for Computer Science (MIT LCS).

Honors and awards


The Interactive Art Jury awarded him an Honorary Golden Nica in the category Interactive Art, which is the biggest rize to be won for computer art.

received a "Kilby Young Innovator" award by the THE KILBY AWARDS FOUNDATION

co-recipient of the ACM Software Systems Award.

In 1995, Tim Berners-Lee received the Kilby Foundation's "Young Innovator of the Year" Award, and an honorary Prix Ars Electronica, and was corecipient of the ACM Software Systems Award.

1996 July,

honorary degree from the Parsons School of Design, New York (D.F.A., 1996) ,
honorary degree from Southampton University (D.Sc., 1996),
awarded a Distinguished Fellowship of the British Computer Society


he was awarded the IEEE Koji Kobayashi Computers and Communications Award, the Duddell Medal of the Institute of Physics, the Interactive Services Association's Distinguished Service Award, the MCI Computerworld/Smithsonian Award for Leadership in Innovation, The International Communication Institute's Columbus Prize, and an OBE.


he received the Charles Babbage award, the Mountbatten Medal of the National Electronics Council, the Lord Lloyd of Kilgerran Prize from the Foundation for Science and Technology, PC Magazine Lifetime Achievement Award in Technical Excellence, a MacArthur Fellowship and The Eduard Rhein technology award.

honorary degree from Essex University (D.U.)

honorary degree from Southern Cross University (1998),


, Time magazine dubbed him one of the 100 greatest minds of the century and he received a World Technology Award for Communication Technology, and an Honorary Fellowship to the Society for Technical Communications.


Received the Paul Evan Peters Award of ARL, Educause and CNI, the Electronic Freedom Foundation's pioneer award, and the George R Stibitz Computer Pioneer award at the American Computer Museum, and the Special Award for Outstanding Contribution of the World Television Forum.

honorary degree from the Open University (D.U., 2000),


Received the Sir Frank Whittle Medal from the Royal Academy of Engineering.

honorary degree from Columbia University (D.Law),
honorary degree from Oxford University
honorary degree from The University of Port Elizabeth (DSc).
Distinguished Fellow of the British Computer Society,
Honorary Fellow of the Institution of Electrical Engineers.,
Mmember of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences,
Fellow of the Royal Society.


Was the recipient of the Japan Prize from the Science and Technology Foundation of Japan
.He shared the Prince of Asturias Foundadtion Prize for Scientific and Technical Research with with Larry Roberts, Rob Kahn and Vint Cerf; became a Fellow of the Guglielmo Marconi Foundation,
and recieved the Albert Medal of the Royal Society for the encouragement of Art, Manufactures and Commerce (RSA).

2004 April 14,

Millennium Technology Prize; Finish Technology Award Foundation worth 1 million dollar

Knighthood of the British Empire (KBE) for services to the global development of the Internet.


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